Jičín is the cultural and social centre of the Bohemian Paradise and was declared an urban conservation area.
The former settlement of Stary Jicin was founded in the 13th century on the site of the present day village of Stare Misto and was later elevated to town status at the turn of the 14th century. However, due to its poor positioning, the centre of the newly emerging town was subsequently moved to its present site - along with the rights that accompanied town status. The first written record of Jicin dates from 1293
At the beginning of the 14th century, King John of Luxemburg sold Jicin to the House of Vartemberk. The town was also ruled over by the House of Trčka of Lípa and the House of Šmiřicky during the period up to 1620.The city enjoyed its heyday during the reign of Albrecht Vaclav Eusebius von Wallenstein( Valdštejn ) who planned to make Jičín his royal seat. However, the grandiose landscape composition which was worked upon by famous Italian architects was never completed. During the second half of the 19th century, Jičín was to become an important battlefield during the Austro-Prussian War.
Jičín is the cultural and social centre of the Bohemian Paradise and was declared an urban conservation area. There are numerous integral parts of Valdštejn Square - with its historical houses and unique arcades around its entire circumference - such as the Valdice Gate, the Church of sv. Jakuba Většího ( St. James ), Valdštejn Chateau with its adjacent park and the nearby Church of sv. Ignáce.
The history of the town is also enriched by the history of its Jewish community and its notable members. The most famous being the writer Karl Kraus and Wallenstein's financier, Jakob Baševi. Famous Jewish monuments of Jičín include its synagogue, the nearby "Jewish" Street ( Židovská ) and the former Jewish school building.
Nowadays the town is famous for its cultural and social festival "Jičín ; Town of Fairy-Tales", which among other things builds on the traditions provided by Václav Čtvrek and Radek Pilar involving the famous cobbler and bandit Rumcajs.